Dark web: what is it?

<head>

<script async src=”//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js”></script>
<script>(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({
google_ad_client: “ca-pub-5068947464178491”,
enable_page_level_ads: true
});</script>

THIS ARTICLE IS ONLY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY! I AM NOT AND I WILL NEVER ENCOURAGE YOU TO WATCH, BUY OR DOWNLOAD ANYTHING ILLEGAL. 

 

Deep and dark web are often two confused terms, used interchangeably and sometimes demonized. But in reality they indicate two completely different digital territories. Here is what they are:

The deep web, is the portion of the Internet that is not indexed by search engines, so we will never find it through Google. According to some estimates, this part constitutes between 89 and 96 percent of the web. What we see of the Net in our daily life is therefore, a very small fraction.

The dark web is part of the deep web,  a small portion of the non-indexed web (deep web) is the dark web, which we can consider a subset of the deep web. According to the estimates of NASA researchers, it counts about tens of thousands of URL addresses: few if compared to the size of the network that counts trillions of URLs. they are all made up of pages with a .onion domain, which are hosted on servers using the Tor protocol, originally developed by the US defense department to allow anonymous and secure communications. In 2004 it became public domain and is a good tool to protect privacy. Since then, however, the black market has also grown inside: it is possible to find drugs, weapons, confidential informations, background check, finding a missing person, pedophiles, counterfeit money, rent hackers and even renting killers to kill someone.  It is described as colourful for people seeking Intels but at the same time, it is a very dangerous place.

Unlike the normal web, the dark web can only be reached through specific softwares that allow users to browse anonymously,  to protect both their identity and privacy in terms of site chronology of the pages visited. By typing in any .onion domain in the address bar of a normal browser (Google Chrome, Safari or Firefox), the corresponding site will not be reachable.  The best known software for accessing the dark web is Tor: it looks like a browser, which we can download for free, and use to surf on everyday sites, protecting our privacy. As most of the Tor users do: today there are over three million downloads and among the people who use it there are many activists, or those who live in countries under authoritarian regimes that thus bypasses filters and censorship. In the past Turkey, for example, blocked Youtube and Twitter, but using a browser like Tor it was still possible to access both.

 

We can imagine the dark web as a big souk market where you can find everything. There is the .onion version of news sites and even Facebook. A good portion of pages is managed by cryptocurrency lovers. So far, nothing to worry about. But there are also illegal markets: they look like forums and work broadly like eBay with sellers who accumulate scores based on user feedback.

What is the proportion between lawful and illegal? In 2016, two researchers from Terbium Labs, Clare Gollnick and Emily Wilson, randomly selected 400 url, and then subdivided them based on purpose and content. So they found out that about half of these sites were legal. While between the url containing illegal material, 45 percent had to do with the illegal drug trade, 11.9 percent with the medical drug trade, 4.6 percent were fraud sites and another 4.6 percent concerned hacking operations.

How to access it?

Make sure you use a good premium vpn service to hide your location. The dark web as I said before is very dangerous, it is just like swimming with white sharks, one mistake and you’re done!! Hiding your location doesn’t mean that you are doing anything illegal but you need it to protect yourself.  Cover both front and back cameras, microphone, do not minimize the window or take any phone calls (if connecting from a mobile phone) while you are surfing the dark web and do not use any other apps like messaging and social networks.

If you’re connecting from an phone, which according to me is safer because our computers generally have passwords memorised and a lot of other informations and trust me, we don’t want to risk compromising it and reveal our real identity. First step is to download orbot and orfox.  Run robot first, when it’s connected , then open orfox (tor browser).

BE CAREFUL TO DISABLE BATTERY SAVING BECAUSE SOMETIMES IT KILLS APPS LIKE VPNs IN ORDER TO EXTEND THE BATTERY LIFE. IT HAPPENED TO ME SOMETIMES. 

 

IN THE NEXT ARTICLES, I WILL EXPLORE SOME OF THE .onion SITES .  HERE’S AN EXAMPLE.

</head>

 

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »